Strikes against economic reforms in France test Macron’s resolve

Strikes that forced a shutdown of the University of Paris, one of the first universities in Europe, continued for two years and placed a significant economic strain on the student quarter of Paris.

The strikes followed the deaths of students who were allegedly involved in riots. City guardsmen turned unexpectedly rough and killed some students as punishment.

That civil unrest happened in 1229 and is the earliest known account of strikes in France.

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