A year after the October 1 referendum on seceding from Spain, Catalonia is no closer to independence, and many of the figureheads of the movement remain in jail.
The unauthorised poll produced a “yes” vote but saw leaders of the independence movement either imprisoned or exiled. It was the country’s largest political crisis since it began its transition to democracy in 1975.
At least nine politicians and civil society leaders remain in jail and others are in exile. Their loved ones told Al Jazeera the political fallout has been profound, both inside and out of Spanish prisons.